What is Acne?
Acne is a common skin condition characterised by spots and oily skin. It most commonly develops on the face, back and chest.
The main six types of spot caused by this condition:
- Blackheads – small black or yellowish bumps
- Whiteheads – similar to blackheads, but may be firmer and wont empty when squeezed
- Papules – small red bumps that may feel tender or sore
- Pustules – similar to papules, but have a white tip in the centre
- Nodules – large hard lumps that build up beneath the surface and can be painful
- Cysts – the most severe type of acne spot: large, pus-filled lumps that look similar to boils and carry the greatest risk of permanent scarring
Who is affected by it?
It is extremely common and can affect anyone.
What causes it?
Acne is caused when hair follicles become blocked. Sebaceous glands are tiny glands found near the surface of the skin, and lubricate the hair and skin with a substance called sebum to stop it drying out. In acne, the glands produce too much sebum, which mixes with dead skin cells which plugs the follicle. If the plugged follicle is close to the surface of the skin, it bulges outwards, creating a whitehead. If the plugged follicle is open to the skin, it creates a blackhead. Harmless bacteria that live on the skin can then contaminate and infect the plugged follicles, causing papules, pustules, nodules or cysts.
Teenage acne is thought to be triggered by increased levels of testosterone during puberty. Other hormonal changes, such as during periods or pregnancy, can also cause the onset of it.
There are a wide range of treatments available for acne. This can include topical treatments, antibiotics, contraceptive pills or isotretinoin tablets. Various creams and lotions can also be used to treat spots.
Contact Gillian at Appearances Aesthetics to see how we can help your acne in Chislehurst Kent. Call on 07711 067789.